Changelogs » Requests

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  - Requests now supports Brotli compression, if either the `brotli` or
  `brotlicffi` package is installed. (5783)
  - `Session.send` now correctly resolves proxy configurations from both
  the Session and Request. Behavior now matches `Session.request`. (5681)
  - Fixed a race condition in zip extraction when using Requests in parallel
  from zip archive. (5707)
  - Instead of `chardet`, use the MIT-licensed `charset_normalizer` for Python3
  to remove license ambiguity for projects bundling requests. If `chardet`
  is already installed on your machine it will be used instead of `charset_normalizer`
  to keep backwards compatibility. (5797)
  You can also install `chardet` while installing requests by
  specifying `[use_chardet_on_py3]` extra as follows:
  pip install "requests[use_chardet_on_py3]"
  Python2 still depends upon the `chardet` module.
  - Requests now supports `idna` 3.x on Python 3. `idna` 2.x will continue to
  be used on Python 2 installations. (5711)
  - The `requests[security]` extra has been converted to a no-op install.
  PyOpenSSL is no longer the recommended secure option for Requests. (5867)
  - Requests has officially dropped support for Python 3.5. (5867)


  - Requests now treats `application/json` as `utf8` by default. Resolving
  inconsistencies between `r.text` and `r.json` output. (5673)
  - Requests now supports chardet v4.x.


  - Added support for NETRC environment variable. (5643)
  - Requests now supports urllib3 v1.26.
  - Requests v2.25.x will be the last release series with support for Python 3.5.
  - The `requests[security]` extra is officially deprecated and will be removed
  in Requests v2.26.0.


  - pyOpenSSL TLS implementation is now only used if Python
  either doesn't have an `ssl` module or doesn't support
  SNI. Previously pyOpenSSL was unconditionally used if available.
  This applies even if pyOpenSSL is installed via the
  `requests[security]` extra (5443)
  - Redirect resolution should now only occur when
  `allow_redirects` is True. (5492)
  - No longer perform unnecessary Content-Length calculation for
  requests that won't use it. (5496)


  - Remove defunct reference to `prefetch` in Session `__attrs__` (5110)
  - Requests no longer outputs password in basic auth usage warning. (5099)
  - Pinning for `chardet` and `idna` now uses major version instead of minor.
  This hopefully reduces the need for releases everytime a dependency is updated.


  - Requests now supports urllib3 v1.25.2.
  (note: 1.25.0 and 1.25.1 are incompatible)
  - Requests has officially stopped support for Python 3.4.


  - Requests now supports idna v2.8.


  - Fixed bug with unintended Authorization header stripping for
  redirects using default ports (http/80, https/443).


  -   Content-Type header parsing is now case-insensitive (e.g.
  charset=utf8 v Charset=utf8).
  -   Fixed exception leak where certain redirect urls would raise
  uncaught urllib3 exceptions.
  -   Requests removes Authorization header from requests redirected
  from https to http on the same hostname. (CVE-2018-18074)
  -   `should_bypass_proxies` now handles URIs without hostnames (e.g.
  - Requests now supports urllib3 v1.24.
  - Requests has officially stopped support for Python 2.6.

2.19.1 not secure

  -   Fixed issue where status\'s `init` function failed trying
  to append to a `__doc__` value of `None`.

2.19.0 not secure

  -   Warn user about possible slowdown when using cryptography version
  < 1.3.4
  -   Check for invalid host in proxy URL, before forwarding request to
  -   Fragments are now properly maintained across redirects. (RFC7231
  -   Removed use of cgi module to expedite library load time.
  -   Added support for SHA-256 and SHA-512 digest auth algorithms.
  -   Minor performance improvement to `Request.content`.
  -   Migrate to using for 3.7 compatibility.
  -   Parsing empty `Link` headers with `parse_header_links()` no longer
  return one bogus entry.
  -   Fixed issue where loading the default certificate bundle from a zip
  archive would raise an `IOError`.
  -   Fixed issue with unexpected `ImportError` on windows system which do
  not support `winreg` module.
  -   DNS resolution in proxy bypass no longer includes the username and
  password in the request. This also fixes the issue of DNS queries
  failing on macOS.
  -   Properly normalize adapter prefixes for url comparison.
  -   Passing `None` as a file pointer to the `files` param no longer
  raises an exception.
  -   Calling `copy` on a `RequestsCookieJar` will now preserve the cookie
  policy correctly.
  -   We now support idna v2.7.
  -   We now support urllib3 v1.23.

2.18.4 not secure

  -   Error messages for invalid headers now include the header name for
  easier debugging
  -   We now support idna v2.6.

2.18.3 not secure

  -   Running `$ python -m` now includes the installed
  version of idna.
  -   Fixed issue where Requests would raise `ConnectionError` instead of
  `SSLError` when encountering SSL problems when using urllib3 v1.22.

2.18.2 not secure

  -   `` no longer fails on Python 2.6 due to the absence of
  -   We now support urllib3 v1.22.

2.18.1 not secure

  -   Fix an error in the packaging whereby the `*.whl` contained
  incorrect data that regressed the fix in v2.17.3.

2.18.0 not secure

  -   `Response` is now a context manager, so can be used directly in a
  `with` statement without first having to be wrapped by
  -   Resolve installation failure if multiprocessing is not available
  -   Resolve tests crash if multiprocessing is not able to determine the
  number of CPU cores
  -   Resolve error swallowing in utils set\_environ generator

2.17.3 not secure

  -   Improved `packages` namespace identity support, for monkeypatching

2.17.2 not secure

  -   Improved `packages` namespace identity support, for monkeypatching

2.17.1 not secure

  -   Improved `packages` namespace identity support, for monkeypatching

2.17.0 not secure

  -   Removal of the 301 redirect cache. This improves thread-safety.

2.16.5 not secure

  -   Improvements to `$ python -m`.

2.16.4 not secure

  -   Introduction of the `$ python -m` command, for
  debugging with maintainers!

2.16.3 not secure

  -   Further restored the `requests.packages` namespace for compatibility

2.16.2 not secure

  -   Further restored the `requests.packages` namespace for compatibility
  No code modification (noted below) should be necessary any longer.

2.16.1 not secure

  -   Restored the `requests.packages` namespace for compatibility
  -   Bugfix for `urllib3` version parsing.
  **Note**: code that was written to import against the
  `requests.packages` namespace previously will have to import code that
  rests at this module-level now.
  For example:
  from requests.packages.urllib3.poolmanager import PoolManager
  Will need to be re-written to be:
  from requests.packages import urllib3
  Or, even better:
  from urllib3.poolmanager import PoolManager

2.16.0 not secure

  -   Unvendor ALL the things!

2.15.1 not secure

  -   Everyone makes mistakes.

2.15.0 not secure

  -   Introduction of the `` property, for getting the next
  `PreparedResponse` from a redirect chain (when
  -   Internal refactoring of `__version__` module.
  -   Restored once-optional parameter for

2.14.2 not secure

  -   Changed a less-than to an equal-to and an or in the dependency
  markers to widen compatibility with older setuptools releases.

2.14.1 not secure

  -   Changed the dependency markers to widen compatibility with older pip

2.14.0 not secure

  -   It is now possible to pass `no_proxy` as a key to the `proxies`
  dictionary to provide handling similar to the `NO_PROXY` environment
  -   When users provide invalid paths to certificate bundle files or
  directories Requests now raises `IOError`, rather than failing at
  the time of the HTTPS request with a fairly inscrutable certificate
  validation error.
  -   The behavior of `SessionRedirectMixin` was slightly altered.
  `resolve_redirects` will now detect a redirect by calling
  `get_redirect_target(response)` instead of directly querying
  `Response.is_redirect` and `Response.headers['location']`. Advanced
  users will be able to process malformed redirects more easily.
  -   Changed the internal calculation of elapsed request time to have
  higher resolution on Windows.
  -   Added `win_inet_pton` as conditional dependency for the `[socks]`
  extra on Windows with Python 2.7.
  -   Changed the proxy bypass implementation on Windows: the proxy bypass
  check doesn't use forward and reverse DNS requests anymore
  -   URLs with schemes that begin with `http` but are not `http` or
  `https` no longer have their host parts forced to lowercase.
  -   Much improved handling of non-ASCII `Location` header values in
  redirects. Fewer `UnicodeDecodeErrors` are encountered on Python 2,
  and Python 3 now correctly understands that Latin-1 is unlikely to
  be the correct encoding.
  -   If an attempt to `seek` file to find out its length fails, we now
  appropriately handle that by aborting our content-length
  -   Restricted `HTTPDigestAuth` to only respond to auth challenges made
  on 4XX responses, rather than to all auth challenges.
  -   Fixed some code that was firing `DeprecationWarning` on Python 3.6.
  -   The dismayed person emoticon (`/o\\`) no longer has a big head. I'm
  sure this is what you were all worrying about most.
  -   Updated bundled urllib3 to v1.21.1.
  -   Updated bundled chardet to v3.0.2.
  -   Updated bundled idna to v2.5.
  -   Updated bundled certifi to 2017.4.17.

2.13.0 not secure

  -   Only load the `idna` library when we've determined we need it. This
  will save some memory for users.
  -   Updated bundled urllib3 to 1.20.
  -   Updated bundled idna to 2.2.

2.12.5 not secure

  -   Fixed an issue with JSON encoding detection, specifically detecting
  big-endian UTF-32 with BOM.

2.12.4 not secure

  -   Fixed regression from 2.12.2 where non-string types were rejected in
  the basic auth parameters. While support for this behaviour has been
  readded, the behaviour is deprecated and will be removed in the

2.12.3 not secure

  -   Fixed regression from v2.12.1 for URLs with schemes that begin with
  "http". These URLs have historically been processed as though they
  were HTTP-schemed URLs, and so have had parameters added. This was
  removed in v2.12.2 in an overzealous attempt to resolve problems
  with IDNA-encoding those URLs. This change was reverted: the other
  fixes for IDNA-encoding have been judged to be sufficient to return
  to the behaviour Requests had before v2.12.0.

2.12.2 not secure

  -   Fixed several issues with IDNA-encoding URLs that are technically
  invalid but which are widely accepted. Requests will now attempt to
  IDNA-encode a URL if it can but, if it fails, and the host contains
  only ASCII characters, it will be passed through optimistically.
  This will allow users to opt-in to using IDNA2003 themselves if they
  want to, and will also allow technically invalid but still common
  -   Fixed an issue where URLs with leading whitespace would raise
  `InvalidSchema` errors.
  -   Fixed an issue where some URLs without the HTTP or HTTPS schemes
  would still have HTTP URL preparation applied to them.
  -   Fixed an issue where Unicode strings could not be used in basic
  -   Fixed an issue encountered by some Requests plugins where
  constructing a Response object would cause `Response.content` to
  raise an `AttributeError`.

2.12.1 not secure

  -   Updated setuptools 'security' extra for the new PyOpenSSL backend in
  -   Updated bundled urllib3 to 1.19.1.

2.12.0 not secure

  -   Updated support for internationalized domain names from IDNA2003 to
  IDNA2008. This updated support is required for several forms of IDNs
  and is mandatory for .de domains.
  -   Much improved heuristics for guessing content lengths: Requests will
  no longer read an entire `StringIO` into memory.
  -   Much improved logic for recalculating `Content-Length` headers for
  `PreparedRequest` objects.
  -   Improved tolerance for file-like objects that have no `tell` method
  but do have a `seek` method.
  -   Anything that is a subclass of `Mapping` is now treated like a
  dictionary by the `data=` keyword argument.
  -   Requests now tolerates empty passwords in proxy credentials, rather
  than stripping the credentials.
  -   If a request is made with a file-like object as the body and that
  request is redirected with a 307 or 308 status code, Requests will
  now attempt to rewind the body object so it can be replayed.
  -   When calling `response.close`, the call to `close` will be
  propagated through to non-urllib3 backends.
  -   Fixed issue where the `ALL_PROXY` environment variable would be
  preferred over scheme-specific variables like `HTTP_PROXY`.
  -   Fixed issue where non-UTF8 reason phrases got severely mangled by
  falling back to decoding using ISO 8859-1 instead.
  -   Fixed a bug where Requests would not correctly correlate cookies set
  when using custom Host headers if those Host headers did not use the
  native string type for the platform.
  -   Updated bundled urllib3 to 1.19.
  -   Updated bundled certifi certs to 2016.09.26.

2.11.1 not secure

  -   Fixed a bug when using `iter_content` with `decode_unicode=True` for
  streamed bodies would raise `AttributeError`. This bug was
  introduced in 2.11.
  -   Strip Content-Type and Transfer-Encoding headers from the header
  block when following a redirect that transforms the verb from

2.11.0 not secure

  -   Added support for the `ALL_PROXY` environment variable.
  -   Reject header values that contain leading whitespace or newline
  characters to reduce risk of header smuggling.
  -   Fixed occasional `TypeError` when attempting to decode a JSON
  response that occurred in an error case. Now correctly returns a
  -   Requests would incorrectly ignore a non-CIDR IP address in the
  `NO_PROXY` environment variables: Requests now treats it as a
  specific IP.
  -   Fixed a bug when sending JSON data that could cause us to encounter
  obscure OpenSSL errors in certain network conditions (yes, really).
  -   Added type checks to ensure that `iter_content` only accepts
  integers and `None` for chunk sizes.
  -   Fixed issue where responses whose body had not been fully consumed
  would have the underlying connection closed but not returned to the
  connection pool, which could cause Requests to hang in situations
  where the `HTTPAdapter` had been configured to use a blocking
  connection pool.
  -   Updated bundled urllib3 to 1.16.
  -   Some previous releases accidentally accepted non-strings as
  acceptable header values. This release does not.

2.10.0 not secure

  **New Features**
  -   SOCKS Proxy Support! (requires PySocks;
  `$ pip install requests[socks]`)
  -   Updated bundled urllib3 to 1.15.1.

2.9.2 not secure

  -   Change built-in CaseInsensitiveDict (used for headers) to use
  OrderedDict as its underlying datastore.
  -   Don't use redirect\_cache if allow\_redirects=False
  -   When passed objects that throw exceptions from `tell()`, send them
  via chunked transfer encoding instead of failing.
  -   Raise a ProxyError for proxy related connection issues.

2.9.1 not secure

  -   Resolve regression introduced in 2.9.0 that made it impossible to
  send binary strings as bodies in Python 3.
  -   Fixed errors when calculating cookie expiration dates in certain
  -   Updated bundled urllib3 to 1.13.1.

2.9.0 not secure

  **Minor Improvements** (Backwards compatible)
  -   The `verify` keyword argument now supports being passed a path to a
  directory of CA certificates, not just a single-file bundle.
  -   Warnings are now emitted when sending files opened in text mode.
  -   Added the 511 Network Authentication Required status code to the
  status code registry.
  -   For file-like objects that are not sought to the very beginning, we
  now send the content length for the number of bytes we will actually
  read, rather than the total size of the file, allowing partial file
  -   When uploading file-like objects, if they are empty or have no
  obvious content length we set `Transfer-Encoding: chunked` rather
  than `Content-Length: 0`.
  -   We correctly receive the response in buffered mode when uploading
  chunked bodies.
  -   We now handle being passed a query string as a bytestring on Python
  3, by decoding it as UTF-8.
  -   Sessions are now closed in all cases (exceptional and not) when
  using the functional API rather than leaking and waiting for the
  garbage collector to clean them up.
  -   Correctly handle digest auth headers with a malformed `qop`
  directive that contains no token, by treating it the same as if no
  `qop` directive was provided at all.
  -   Minor performance improvements when removing specific cookies by
  -   Updated urllib3 to 1.13.

2.8.1 not secure

  -   Update certificate bundle to match `certifi` 2015.9.6.2's weak
  certificate bundle.
  -   Fix a bug in 2.8.0 where requests would raise `ConnectTimeout`
  instead of `ConnectionError`
  -   When using the PreparedRequest flow, requests will now correctly
  respect the `json` parameter. Broken in 2.8.0.
  -   When using the PreparedRequest flow, requests will now correctly
  handle a Unicode-string method name on Python 2. Broken in 2.8.0.

2.8.0 not secure

  **Minor Improvements** (Backwards Compatible)
  -   Requests now supports per-host proxies. This allows the `proxies`
  dictionary to have entries of the form
  `{'<scheme>://<hostname>': '<proxy>'}`. Host-specific proxies will
  be used in preference to the previously-supported scheme-specific
  ones, but the previous syntax will continue to work.
  -   `Response.raise_for_status` now prints the URL that failed as part
  of the exception message.
  -   `requests.utils.get_netrc_auth` now takes an `raise_errors` kwarg,
  defaulting to `False`. When `True`, errors parsing `.netrc` files
  cause exceptions to be thrown.
  -   Change to bundled projects import logic to make it easier to
  unbundle requests downstream.
  -   Changed the default User-Agent string to avoid leaking data on
  Linux: now contains only the requests version.
  -   The `json` parameter to `post()` and friends will now only be used
  if neither `data` nor `files` are present, consistent with the
  -   We now ignore empty fields in the `NO_PROXY` environment variable.
  -   Fixed problem where `httplib.BadStatusLine` would get raised if
  combining `stream=True` with `contextlib.closing`.
  -   Prevented bugs where we would attempt to return the same connection
  back to the connection pool twice when sending a Chunked body.
  -   Miscellaneous minor internal changes.
  -   Digest Auth support is now thread safe.
  -   Updated urllib3 to 1.12.

2.7.0 not secure

  This is the first release that follows our new release process. For
  more, see [our
  -   Updated urllib3 to 1.10.4, resolving several bugs involving chunked
  transfer encoding and response framing.

2.6.2 not secure

  -   Fix regression where compressed data that was sent as chunked data
  was not properly decompressed. (\2561)

2.6.1 not secure

  -   Remove VendorAlias import machinery introduced in v2.5.2.
  -   Simplify the PreparedRequest.prepare API: We no longer require the
  user to pass an empty list to the hooks keyword argument. (c.f.
  -   Resolve redirects now receives and forwards all of the original
  arguments to the adapter. (\2503)
  -   Handle UnicodeDecodeErrors when trying to deal with a unicode URL
  that cannot be encoded in ASCII. (\2540)
  -   Populate the parsed path of the URI field when performing Digest
  Authentication. (\2426)
  -   Copy a PreparedRequest's CookieJar more reliably when it is not an
  instance of RequestsCookieJar. (\2527)

2.6.0 not secure

  -   CVE-2015-2296: Fix handling of cookies on redirect. Previously a
  cookie without a host value set would use the hostname for the
  redirected URL exposing requests users to session fixation attacks
  and potentially cookie stealing. This was disclosed privately by
  Matthew Daley of [BugFuzz]( This affects all
  versions of requests from v2.1.0 to v2.5.3 (inclusive on both ends).
  -   Fix error when requests is an `install_requires` dependency and
  `python test` is run. (\2462)
  -   Fix error when urllib3 is unbundled and requests continues to use
  the vendored import location.
  -   Include fixes to `urllib3`'s header handling.
  -   Requests' handling of unvendored dependencies is now more
  **Features and Improvements**
  -   Support bytearrays when passed as parameters in the `files`
  argument. (\2468)
  -   Avoid data duplication when creating a request with `str`, `bytes`,
  or `bytearray` input to the `files` argument.

2.5.3 not secure

  -   Revert changes to our vendored certificate bundle. For more context
  see (\2455, \2456, and <>)

2.5.2 not secure

  **Features and Improvements**
  -   Add sha256 fingerprint support.
  -   Improve the performance of headers.
  -   Copy pip's import machinery. When downstream redistributors remove
  requests.packages.urllib3 the import machinery will continue to let
  those same symbols work. Example usage in requests' documentation
  and 3rd-party libraries relying on the vendored copies of urllib3
  will work without having to fallback to the system urllib3.
  -   Attempt to quote parts of the URL on redirect if unquoting and then
  quoting fails. (\2356)
  -   Fix filename type check for multipart form-data uploads. (\2411)
  -   Properly handle the case where a server issuing digest
  authentication challenges provides both auth and auth-int
  qop-values. (\2408)
  -   Fix a socket leak.
  -   Fix multiple `Set-Cookie` headers properly.
  -   Disable the built-in hostname verification.
  -   Fix the behaviour of decoding an exhausted stream.
  -   Pulled in an updated `cacert.pem`.
  -   Drop RC4 from the default cipher list.

2.5.1 not secure

  **Behavioural Changes**
  -   Only catch HTTPErrors in raise\_for\_status (\2382)
  -   Handle LocationParseError from urllib3 (\2344)
  -   Handle file-like object filenames that are not strings (\2379)
  -   Unbreak HTTPDigestAuth handler. Allow new nonces to be negotiated

2.5.0 not secure

  -   Allow usage of urllib3's Retry object with HTTPAdapters (\2216)
  -   The `iter_lines` method on a response now accepts a delimiter with
  which to split the content (\2295)
  **Behavioural Changes**
  -   Add deprecation warnings to functions in requests.utils that will be
  removed in 3.0 (\2309)
  -   Sessions used by the functional API are always closed (\2326)
  -   Restrict requests to HTTP/1.1 and HTTP/1.0 (stop accepting HTTP/0.9)
  -   Only parse the URL once (\2353)
  -   Allow Content-Length header to always be overridden (\2332)
  -   Properly handle files in HTTPDigestAuth (\2333)
  -   Cap redirect\_cache size to prevent memory abuse (\2299)
  -   Fix HTTPDigestAuth handling of redirects after authenticating
  successfully (\2253)
  -   Fix crash with custom method parameter to Session.request (\2317)
  -   Fix how Link headers are parsed using the regular expression library
  -   Add more references for interlinking (\2348)
  -   Update CSS for theme (\2290)
  -   Update width of buttons and sidebar (\2289)
  -   Replace references of Gittip with Gratipay (\2282)
  -   Add link to changelog in sidebar (\2273)

2.4.3 not secure

  -   Unicode URL improvements for Python 2.
  -   Re-order JSON param for backwards compat.
  -   Automatically defrag authentication schemes from host/pass URIs.

2.4.2 not secure

  -   FINALLY! Add json parameter for uploads!
  -   Support for bytestring URLs on Python 3.x
  -   Avoid getting stuck in a loop
  -   Multiple calls to iter\* fail with unhelpful error.
  -   Correct redirection introduction
  -   Added example of how to send multiple files in one request.
  -   Clarify how to pass a custom set of CAs

2.4.1 not secure

  -   Now has a "security" package extras set,
  `$ pip install requests[security]`
  -   Requests will now use Certifi if it is available.
  -   Capture and re-raise urllib3 ProtocolError
  -   Bugfix for responses that attempt to redirect to themselves forever

2.4.0 not secure

  **Behavioral Changes**
  -   `Connection: keep-alive` header is now sent automatically.
  -   Support for connect timeouts! Timeout now accepts a tuple (connect,
  read) which is used to set individual connect and read timeouts.
  -   Allow copying of PreparedRequests without headers/cookies.
  -   Updated bundled urllib3 version.
  -   Refactored settings loading from environment -- new
  -   Handle socket errors in iter\_content.

2.3.0 not secure

  **API Changes**
  -   New `Response` property `is_redirect`, which is true when the
  library could have processed this response as a redirection (whether
  or not it actually did).
  -   The `timeout` parameter now affects requests with both `stream=True`
  and `stream=False` equally.
  -   The change in v2.0.0 to mandate explicit proxy schemes has been
  reverted. Proxy schemes now default to `http://`.
  -   The `CaseInsensitiveDict` used for HTTP headers now behaves like a
  normal dictionary when references as string or viewed in the
  -   No longer expose Authorization or Proxy-Authorization headers on
  redirect. Fix CVE-2014-1829 and CVE-2014-1830 respectively.
  -   Authorization is re-evaluated each redirect.
  -   On redirect, pass url as native strings.
  -   Fall-back to autodetected encoding for JSON when Unicode detection
  -   Headers set to `None` on the `Session` are now correctly not sent.
  -   Correctly honor `decode_unicode` even if it wasn't used earlier in
  the same response.
  -   Stop advertising `compress` as a supported Content-Encoding.
  -   The `Response.history` parameter is now always a list.
  -   Many, many `urllib3` bugfixes.

2.2.1 not secure

  -   Fixes incorrect parsing of proxy credentials that contain a literal
  or encoded '\' character.
  -   Assorted urllib3 fixes.

2.2.0 not secure

  **API Changes**
  -   New exception: `ContentDecodingError`. Raised instead of `urllib3`
  `DecodeError` exceptions.
  -   Avoid many many exceptions from the buggy implementation of
  `proxy_bypass` on OS X in Python 2.6.
  -   Avoid crashing when attempting to get authentication credentials
  from \~/.netrc when running as a user without a home directory.
  -   Use the correct pool size for pools of connections to proxies.
  -   Fix iteration of `CookieJar` objects.
  -   Ensure that cookies are persisted over redirect.
  -   Switch back to using chardet, since it has merged with charade.

2.1.0 not secure

  -   Updated CA Bundle, of course.
  -   Cookies set on individual Requests through a `Session` (e.g. via
  `Session.get()`) are no longer persisted to the `Session`.
  -   Clean up connections when we hit problems during chunked upload,
  rather than leaking them.
  -   Return connections to the pool when a chunked upload is successful,
  rather than leaking it.
  -   Match the HTTPbis recommendation for HTTP 301 redirects.
  -   Prevent hanging when using streaming uploads and Digest Auth when a
  401 is received.
  -   Values of headers set by Requests are now always the native string
  -   Fix previously broken SNI support.
  -   Fix accessing HTTP proxies using proxy authentication.
  -   Unencode HTTP Basic usernames and passwords extracted from URLs.
  -   Support for IP address ranges for no\_proxy environment variable
  -   Parse headers correctly when users override the default `Host:`
  -   Avoid munging the URL in case of case-sensitive servers.
  -   Looser URL handling for non-HTTP/HTTPS urls.
  -   Accept unicode methods in Python 2.6 and 2.7.
  -   More resilient cookie handling.
  -   Make `Response` objects pickleable.
  -   Actually added MD5-sess to Digest Auth instead of pretending to like
  last time.
  -   Updated internal urllib3.
  -   Fixed Lukasa's lack of taste.

2.0.1 not secure

  -   Updated included CA Bundle with new mistrusts and automated process
  for the future
  -   Added MD5-sess to Digest Auth
  -   Accept per-file headers in multipart file POST messages.
  -   Fixed: Don't send the full URL on CONNECT messages.
  -   Fixed: Correctly lowercase a redirect scheme.
  -   Fixed: Cookies not persisted when set via functional API.
  -   Fixed: Translate urllib3 ProxyError into a requests ProxyError
  derived from ConnectionError.
  -   Updated internal urllib3 and chardet.

2.0.0 not secure

  **API Changes:**
  -   Keys in the Headers dictionary are now native strings on all Python
  versions, i.e. bytestrings on Python 2, unicode on Python 3.
  -   Proxy URLs now *must* have an explicit scheme. A `MissingSchema`
  exception will be raised if they don't.
  -   Timeouts now apply to read time if `Stream=False`.
  -   `RequestException` is now a subclass of `IOError`, not
  -   Added new method to `PreparedRequest` objects:
  -   Added new method to `Session` objects: `Session.update_request()`.
  This method updates a `Request` object with the data (e.g. cookies)
  stored on the `Session`.
  -   Added new method to `Session` objects: `Session.prepare_request()`.
  This method updates and prepares a `Request` object, and returns the
  corresponding `PreparedRequest` object.
  -   Added new method to `HTTPAdapter` objects:
  `HTTPAdapter.proxy_headers()`. This should not be called directly,
  but improves the subclass interface.
  -   `httplib.IncompleteRead` exceptions caused by incorrect chunked
  encoding will now raise a Requests `ChunkedEncodingError` instead.
  -   Invalid percent-escape sequences now cause a Requests `InvalidURL`
  exception to be raised.
  -   HTTP 208 no longer uses reason phrase `"im_used"`. Correctly uses
  -   HTTP 226 reason added (`"im_used"`).
  -   Vastly improved proxy support, including the CONNECT verb. Special
  thanks to the many contributors who worked towards this improvement.
  -   Cookies are now properly managed when 401 authentication responses
  are received.
  -   Chunked encoding fixes.
  -   Support for mixed case schemes.
  -   Better handling of streaming downloads.
  -   Retrieve environment proxies from more locations.
  -   Minor cookies fixes.
  -   Improved redirect behaviour.
  -   Improved streaming behaviour, particularly for compressed data.
  -   Miscellaneous small Python 3 text encoding bugs.
  -   `.netrc` no longer overrides explicit auth.
  -   Cookies set by hooks are now correctly persisted on Sessions.
  -   Fix problem with cookies that specify port numbers in their host
  -   `BytesIO` can be used to perform streaming uploads.
  -   More generous parsing of the `no_proxy` environment variable.
  -   Non-string objects can be passed in data values alongside files.

1.2.3 not secure

  -   Simple packaging fix

1.2.2 not secure

  -   Simple packaging fix

1.2.1 not secure

  -   301 and 302 redirects now change the verb to GET for all verbs, not
  just POST, improving browser compatibility.
  -   Python 3.3.2 compatibility
  -   Always percent-encode location headers
  -   Fix connection adapter matching to be most-specific first
  -   new argument to the default connection adapter for passing a block
  -   prevent a KeyError when there's no link headers

1.2.0 not secure

  -   Fixed cookies on sessions and on requests
  -   Significantly change how hooks are dispatched - hooks now receive
  all the arguments specified by the user when making a request so
  hooks can make a secondary request with the same parameters. This is
  especially necessary for authentication handler authors
  -   certifi support was removed
  -   Fixed bug where using OAuth 1 with body `signature_type` sent no
  -   Major proxy work thanks to Lukasa including parsing of proxy
  authentication from the proxy url
  -   Fix DigestAuth handling too many 401s
  -   Update vendored urllib3 to include SSL bug fixes
  -   Allow keyword arguments to be passed to `json.loads()` via the
  `Response.json()` method
  -   Don't send `Content-Length` header by default on `GET` or `HEAD`
  -   Add `elapsed` attribute to `Response` objects to time how long a
  request took.
  -   Fix `RequestsCookieJar`
  -   Sessions and Adapters are now picklable, i.e., can be used with the
  multiprocessing library
  -   Update charade to version 1.0.3
  The change in how hooks are dispatched will likely cause a great deal of

1.1.0 not secure

  -   Support for iterable response bodies
  -   Assume servers persist redirect params
  -   Allow explicit content types to be specified for file data
  -   Make merge\_kwargs case-insensitive when looking up keys

1.0.3 not secure

  -   Fix file upload encoding bug
  -   Fix cookie behavior

1.0.2 not secure

  -   Proxy fix for HTTPAdapter.

1.0.1 not secure

  -   Cert verification exception bug.
  -   Proxy fix for HTTPAdapter.

1.0.0 not secure

  -   Massive Refactor and Simplification
  -   Switch to Apache 2.0 license
  -   Swappable Connection Adapters
  -   Mountable Connection Adapters
  -   Mutable ProcessedRequest chain
  -   /s/prefetch/stream
  -   Removal of all configuration
  -   Standard library logging
  -   Make Response.json() callable, not property.
  -   Usage of new charade project, which provides python 2 and 3
  simultaneous chardet.
  -   Removal of all hooks except 'response'
  -   Removal of all authentication helpers (OAuth, Kerberos)
  This is not a backwards compatible change.

0.14.2 not secure

  -   Improved mime-compatible JSON handling
  -   Proxy fixes
  -   Path hack fixes
  -   Case-Insensitive Content-Encoding headers
  -   Support for CJK parameters in form posts

0.14.1 not secure

  -   Python 3.3 Compatibility
  -   Simply default accept-encoding
  -   Bugfixes

0.14.0 not secure

  -   No more iter\_content errors if already downloaded.

0.13.9 not secure

  -   Fix for OAuth + POSTs
  -   Remove exception eating from dispatch\_hook
  -   General bugfixes

0.13.8 not secure

  -   Incredible Link header support :)

0.13.7 not secure

  -   Support for (key, value) lists everywhere.
  -   Digest Authentication improvements.
  -   Ensure proxy exclusions work properly.
  -   Clearer UnicodeError exceptions.
  -   Automatic casting of URLs to strings (fURL and such)
  -   Bugfixes.

0.13.6 not secure

  -   Long awaited fix for hanging connections!

0.13.5 not secure

  -   Packaging fix

0.13.4 not secure

  -   GSSAPI/Kerberos authentication!
  -   App Engine 2.7 Fixes!
  -   Fix leaking connections (from urllib3 update)
  -   OAuthlib path hack fix
  -   OAuthlib URL parameters fix.

0.13.3 not secure

  -   Use simplejson if available.
  -   Do not hide SSLErrors behind Timeouts.
  -   Fixed param handling with urls containing fragments.
  -   Significantly improved information in User Agent.
  -   client certificates are ignored when verify=False

0.13.2 not secure

  -   Zero dependencies (once again)!
  -   New: Response.reason
  -   Sign querystring parameters in OAuth 1.0
  -   Client certificates no longer ignored when verify=False
  -   Add openSUSE certificate support

0.13.1 not secure

  -   Allow passing a file or file-like object as data.
  -   Allow hooks to return responses that indicate errors.
  -   Fix Response.text and Response.json for body-less responses.

0.13.0 not secure

  -   Removal of Requests.async in favor of
  -   Allow disabling of cookie persistence.
  -   New implementation of safe\_mode
  -   cookies.get now supports default argument
  -   Session cookies not saved when Session.request is called with
  -   Env: no\_proxy support.
  -   RequestsCookieJar improvements.
  -   Various bug fixes.

0.12.1 not secure

  -   New `Response.json` property.
  -   Ability to add string file uploads.
  -   Fix out-of-range issue with iter\_lines.
  -   Fix iter\_content default size.
  -   Fix POST redirects containing files.

0.12.0 not secure

  -   Proper CookieJar-backed cookies interface with awesome dict-like
  -   Speed fix for non-iterated content chunks.
  -   Move `pre_request` to a more usable place.
  -   New `pre_send` hook.
  -   Lazily encode data, params, files.
  -   Load system Certificate Bundle if `certify` isn't available.
  -   Cleanups, fixes.

0.11.2 not secure

  -   Attempt to use the OS's certificate bundle if `certifi` isn't
  -   Infinite digest auth redirect fix.
  -   Multi-part file upload improvements.
  -   Fix decoding of invalid %encodings in URLs.
  -   If there is no content in a response don't throw an error the second
  time that content is attempted to be read.
  -   Upload data on redirects.

0.11.1 not secure

  -   POST redirects now break RFC to do what browsers do: Follow up with
  a GET.
  -   New `strict_mode` configuration to disable new redirect behavior.


  -   Private SSL Certificate support
  -   Remove select.poll from Gevent monkeypatching
  -   Remove redundant generator for chunked transfer encoding
  -   Fix: Response.ok raises Timeout Exception in safe\_mode

0.10.8 not secure

  -   Generate chunked ValueError fix
  -   Proxy configuration by environment variables
  -   Simplification of iter\_lines.
  -   New trust\_env configuration for disabling system/environment hints.
  -   Suppress cookie errors.

0.10.7 not secure

  -   encode\_uri = False

0.10.6 not secure

  -   Allow '=' in cookies.


  -   Response body with 0 content-length fix.
  -   New async.imap.
  -   Don't fail on netrc.

0.10.4 not secure

  -   Honor netrc.

0.10.3 not secure

  -   HEAD requests don't follow redirects anymore.
  -   raise\_for\_status() doesn't raise for 3xx anymore.
  -   Make Session objects picklable.
  -   ValueError for invalid schema URLs.

0.10.2 not secure

  -   Vastly improved URL quoting.
  -   Additional allowed cookie key values.
  -   Attempted fix for "Too many open files" Error
  -   Replace unicode errors on first pass, no need for second pass.
  -   Append '/' to bare-domain urls before query insertion.
  -   Exceptions now inherit from RuntimeError.
  -   Binary uploads + auth fix.
  -   Bugfixes.

0.10.1 not secure

  -   Dropped 2.5 Support. (*Backwards Incompatible*)

0.10.0 not secure

  -   `Response.content` is now bytes-only. (*Backwards Incompatible*)
  -   New `Response.text` is unicode-only.
  -   If no `Response.encoding` is specified and `chardet` is available,
  `Response.text` will guess an encoding.
  -   Default to ISO-8859-1 (Western) encoding for "text" subtypes.
  -   Removal of decode\_unicode. (*Backwards Incompatible*)
  -   New multiple-hooks system.
  -   New `Response.register_hook` for registering hooks within the
  -   `Response.url` is now Unicode.

0.9.3 not secure

  -   SSL verify=False bugfix (apparent on windows machines).

0.9.2 not secure

  -   Asynchronous async.send method.
  -   Support for proper chunk streams with boundaries.
  -   session argument for Session classes.
  -   Print entire hook tracebacks, not just exception instance.
  -   Fix response.iter\_lines from pending next line.
  -   Fix but in HTTP-digest auth w/ URI having query strings.
  -   Fix in Event Hooks section.
  -   Urllib3 update.

0.9.1 not secure

  -   danger\_mode for automatic Response.raise\_for\_status()
  -   Response.iter\_lines refactor

0.9.0 not secure

  -   verify ssl is default.

0.8.9 not secure

  -   Packaging fix.

0.8.8 not secure

  -   Release of Cerifi: Mozilla's cert list.
  -   New 'verify' argument for SSL requests.
  -   Urllib3 update.

0.8.7 not secure

  -   iter\_lines last-line truncation fix
  -   Force safe\_mode for async requests
  -   Handle safe\_mode exceptions more consistently
  -   Fix iteration on null responses in safe\_mode

0.8.6 not secure

  -   Socket timeout fixes.
  -   Proxy Authorization support.

0.8.5 not secure

  -   Response.iter\_lines!

0.8.4 not secure

  -   Prefetch bugfix.
  -   Added license to installed version.

0.8.3 not secure

  -   Converted auth system to use simpler callable objects.
  -   New session parameter to API methods.
  -   Display full URL while logging.

0.8.2 not secure

  -   New Unicode decoding system, based on over-ridable
  -   Proper URL slash-quote handling.
  -   Cookies with `[`, `]`, and `_` allowed.

0.8.1 not secure

  -   URL Request path fix
  -   Proxy fix.
  -   Timeouts fix.

0.8.0 not secure

  -   Keep-alive support!
  -   Complete removal of Urllib2
  -   Complete removal of Poster
  -   Complete removal of CookieJars
  -   New ConnectionError raising
  -   Safe\_mode for error catching
  -   prefetch parameter for request methods
  -   OPTION method
  -   Async pool size throttling
  -   File uploads send real names
  -   Vendored in urllib3

0.7.6 not secure

  -   Digest authentication bugfix (attach query data to path)

0.7.5 not secure

  -   Response.content = None if there was an invalid response.
  -   Redirection auth handling.

0.7.4 not secure

  -   Session Hooks fix.

0.7.3 not secure

  -   Digest Auth fix.

0.7.2 not secure

  -   PATCH Fix.

0.7.1 not secure

  -   Move away from urllib2 authentication handling.
  -   Fully Remove AuthManager, AuthObject, &c.
  -   New tuple-based auth system with handler callbacks.

0.7.0 not secure

  -   Sessions are now the primary interface.
  -   Deprecated InvalidMethodException.
  -   PATCH fix.
  -   New config system (no more global settings).

0.6.6 not secure

  -   Session parameter bugfix (params merging).

0.6.5 not secure

  -   Offline (fast) test suite.
  -   Session dictionary argument merging.

0.6.4 not secure

  -   Automatic decoding of unicode, based on HTTP Headers.
  -   New `decode_unicode` setting.
  -   Removal of `` methods.
  -   New `r.faw` interface for advanced response usage.\*
  -   Automatic expansion of parameterized headers.

0.6.3 not secure

  -   Beautiful `requests.async` module, for making async requests w/

0.6.2 not secure

  -   GET/HEAD obeys allow\_redirects=False.

0.6.1 not secure

  -   Enhanced status codes experience `\o/`
  -   Set a maximum number of redirects (`settings.max_redirects`)
  -   Full Unicode URL support
  -   Support for protocol-less redirects.
  -   Allow for arbitrary request types.
  -   Bugfixes

0.6.0 not secure

  -   New callback hook system
  -   New persistent sessions object and context manager
  -   Transparent Dict-cookie handling
  -   Status code reference object
  -   Removed Response.cached
  -   Added Response.request
  -   All args are kwargs
  -   Relative redirect support
  -   HTTPError handling improvements
  -   Improved https testing
  -   Bugfixes

0.5.1 not secure

  -   International Domain Name Support!
  -   Access headers without fetching entire body (`read()`)
  -   Use lists as dicts for parameters
  -   Add Forced Basic Authentication
  -   Forced Basic is default authentication type
  -   `` default User-Agent header
  -   CaseInsensitiveDict lower-case caching
  -   Response.history bugfix

0.5.0 not secure

  -   PATCH Support
  -   Support for Proxies
  -   HTTPBin Test Suite
  -   Redirect Fixes
  -   settings.verbose stream writing
  -   Querystrings for all methods
  -   URLErrors (Connection Refused, Timeout, Invalid URLs) are treated as
  explicitly raised
  `r.requests.get('hwe://blah'); r.raise_for_status()`

0.4.1 not secure

  -   Improved Redirection Handling
  -   New 'allow\_redirects' param for following non-GET/HEAD Redirects
  -   Settings module refactoring

0.4.0 not secure

  -   Response.history: list of redirected responses
  -   Case-Insensitive Header Dictionaries!
  -   Unicode URLs

0.3.4 not secure

  -   Urllib2 HTTPAuthentication Recursion fix (Basic/Digest)
  -   Internal Refactor
  -   Bytes data upload Bugfix

0.3.3 not secure

  -   Request timeouts
  -   Unicode url-encoded data
  -   Settings context manager and module

0.3.2 not secure

  -   Automatic Decompression of GZip Encoded Content
  -   AutoAuth Support for Tupled HTTP Auth

0.3.1 not secure

  -   Cookie Changes
  -   Poster fix

0.3.0 not secure

  -   Automatic Authentication API Change
  -   Smarter Query URL Parameterization
  -   Allow file uploads and POST data together
  New Authentication Manager System
  :   -   Simpler Basic HTTP System
  -   Supports all build-in urllib2 Auths
  -   Allows for custom Auth Handlers

0.2.4 not secure

  -   Python 2.5 Support
  -   PyPy-c v1.4 Support
  -   Auto-Authentication tests
  -   Improved Request object constructor

0.2.3 not secure

  New HTTPHandling Methods
  :   -   Response.\_\_nonzero\_\_ (false if bad HTTP Status)
  -   Response.ok (True if expected HTTP Status)
  -   Response.error (Logged HTTPError if bad HTTP Status)
  -   Response.raise\_for\_status() (Raises stored HTTPError)

0.2.2 not secure

  -   Still handles request in the event of an HTTPError. (Issue \2)
  -   Eventlet and Gevent Monkeypatch support.
  -   Cookie Support (Issue \1)

0.2.1 not secure

  -   Added file attribute to POST and PUT requests for multipart-encode
  file uploads.
  -   Added Request.url attribute for context and redirects

0.2.0 not secure

  -   Birth!

0.0.1 not secure

  -   Frustration
  -   Conception