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If updating from Anki 2.1.49 or below, please see the [2.1.50 change notes]( first.

Editor Improvements

- Rework image resizing (thanks to Henrik). Images expand to the editor width by default now,
and images that are resized for the editor will remain that way if you switch fields, or
navigate to a different note and back.
- Existing height constraints on images are stripped when resizing (thanks to BlueGreenMagick).
- The MathJax editor now provides buttons/shortcuts to cloze-delete selected text (thanks to Henrik).
- MathJax preview now hides cloze markers.
- Style tags are no longer stripped when editing (thanks to Henrik).
- `<br>` tags in MathJax are now handled correctly (thanks to Henrik).
- MathJax in the review screen now supports mathtools, and available packages in editor and review screen match (thanks to Henrik).
- Move focus into HTML editor when hiding normal editor (thanks to Henrik).
- Image tags now have the alt property preserved when pasting.

Other Improvements

- Fixed the Qt6 version crashing on some machines.
- Custom study no longer includes child decks in available card count in v3 scheduler.
- Fixed an error sometimes appearing in the browser when deleting notes (thanks to Rumo).
- Fixed automatic backups popping up progress window when Anki minimized.
- Fixed cards not being generated after template edits.
- Fixed deck options top bar disappearing as you scroll down.
- Fixed duplicate Anki icons appearing in dock on macOS.
- Fixed duplicate first character in certain ibus configurations (thanks to wisherhxl).
- Fixed future due graph incorrectly including new cards.
- Fixed initially-incorrect tooltip position in graphs (thanks to BlueGreenMagick).
- Fixed some MathJax directives failing to render in editor.


If updating from Anki 2.1.49 or below, please see the [2.1.50 change notes]( first.

Editor Improvements

- Ctrl/Cmd+A in tag editing area now selects all tags (thanks to BlueGreenMagick).
- Fixed backspace sometimes removing multiple images at once (thanks to Henrik).
- Fixed copying and pasting MathJax on Windows (Qt6).
- Fixed handling of `<` and `>` symbols in MathJax (thanks to Henrik).
- Fixed intermittent editor loading failures when add-ons have injected a large amount of code.
- Fixed pasting of local files of unsupported types that contain spaces (thanks to Abdo).
- Fixed some formatting being lost when copying between fields on Windows (Qt6).
- Fixed various issues with tag editing (thanks to BlueGreenMagick and Henrik).
- Pressing tab on the last field now moves focus to tag area (thanks to Henrik).
- Reduce size of editor buttons on Windows/Linux (thanks to Henrik).
- Tags copied from the tag editor are no longer joined together when pasted into the add tags/remove tags dialogs (thanks to Henrik).
- The Qt5 Mac build now caps tag autocomplete matches to 10, as showing more is extremely slow in the old toolkit version.

Other Improvements

- Update Qt to 6.3.0, which fixes slow loading of large images, and inertial scrolling on macOS.
- Fixed an error when previewing cards and selecting multiple cards (thanks to Rumo).
- Fixed Anki needing to close when invalid modification times encountered by the browser on Windows.
- Fixed colpkg imports not being cancellable (thanks to Rumo).
- Fixed current working directory changing on apkg export.
- Fixed custom browser font not being honored (Qt6).
- Fixed custom study applying the previously-input limit, instead of the current one.
- Fixed due graph showing wrong date for review cards in a filtered deck with rescheduling disabled.
- Fixed grey background in type answer text + dark mode (thanks to Matthias).
- Fixed v3 scheduler allowing one extra card when review limit reached (thanks to Rumo).
- Lists on cards are now aligned to the left by default (thanks to Matthias).
- Removed the highlight on the Show Answer and Good buttons.
- Reset page zoom when moving between different screens.
- The Qt6 Linux build now defaults to X11/XWayland instead of Wayland due to some [remaining issues](; you can force-enable Wayland with ANKI_WAYLAND=1.

For Developers

- The `field_filter` hook can now check if it's running for the question or answer side (thanks to Abdo).
- Added a `av_player_will_play_tags` hook (thanks to Abdo).
- Make it easier to search in fields programmatically (thanks to Abdo).

New Apkg Import/Export

This build also includes a new implementation of apkg importing and exporting, thanks to Rumo. Some advantages:

- Undo/redo is now supported.
- Faster imports (especially for decks with a lot of note content).
- Support for older clients can be optionally disabled, which results in smaller
apkg files, and faster imports.
- Flags are removed when scheduling is excluded.

The new functionality is hidden behind a feature flag, and **not active by default**.
You can try it out by using `` in the [debug console](
To revert to the old behaviour, replace True with False.

Things to note:

- This is new code that has received limited testing so far, so please use `File>Create Backup` before trying it out.
Any testing/feedback you can provide would be appreciated.
- While active, it is not currently possible to import/export files other than apkg/colpkg.
- The Special Fields add-on will not work while this functionality is enabled.


If updating from Anki 2.1.49 or below, please see the [2.1.50 change notes]( first.


- Reviews in the V3 scheduler can now optionally be sorted by relative overdueness (thanks to Abdo).
- Remember original card position when using 'set due date' on a card (thanks to Rumo).
- Improve editor startup time, especially with many fields (thanks to Henrik).


- Fixed compatibility with older macOS versions.
- Fixed an issue that was breaking some add-ons when running on Windows without using anki-console.bat
- Anki now closes the Browse screen before full sync or colpkg import/export, so it doesn't show errors.
- Automatically re-enable disabled add-ons when user explicitly reinstalls them, and improve conflict handling (thanks to Aristotelis).
- Fixed an issue with the search history when clicking on items in the sidebar (thanks to Rumo).
- Fixed card layout screen opening too wide if card template name was long (thanks to Sam).
- Fixed compatibility with 'card info during review' and similar add-ons.
- Fixed formatting being turned off when pressing shift (thanks to Henrik).
- Fixed full sync not being triggered when changing sort field.
- Fixed illegible calendar buttons in dark mode on Mac/Linux.
- Fixed stats PDF being illegible when saving in dark mode after scrolling down (thanks to Luka).
- Use `<b>` and `<i>` formatting tags, instead of `<strong>` and `<em>`.


Platform-Specific Changes


- Windows 10 or 11 is required. If you are still using Windows 7 or 8, 2.1.49 is
the last build that will install on your system.


- Anki now supports Apple Silicon natively. If you're on a newer Mac with an M1
processor, pick the qt6-apple download for better performance and battery
- The Qt6 x86 build requires macOS 10.14.4
- The Qt5 x86 build requires macOS 10.13.4.


- The Linux builds need zstd to decompress, eg:

sudo apt install zstd
tar xaf anki-2.1.50-linux-qt6.tar.zstd

- The packaged version requires glibc 2.27 or later.
- A wheel is now provided for ARM64 Linux, and requires glibc 2.31 or greater. See
[this page]( for instructions on using it.
- Both Fcitx4 and Fcitx5 support is now bundled.


Please see the notes for your platform:

- [Windows](
- [Mac](
- [Linux](

Scheduler Changes

The V1 scheduler is no longer supported. If you have not yet updated to V2 or
V3, you will be prompted to update when you attempt to review cards in 2.1.50.

This release includes a number of improvements to the V3 scheduler, mostly
thanks to Rumo:

- Intermediate deck limits now affect their children. Please see the [scheduler
page]( for more
- When new cards are answered, Anki now records their original position. When you later
export a shared deck without scheduling, the original positions will be restored.
- The Forget action now gives you options to restore the original card position,
and to reset the card's lapse and repetition counters.
- The gathering and sorting of new cards has been reworked, trading a little performance
for more intuitive behaviour:
- It is now possible to sort notes or cards randomly at gather time, ensuring a random
selection is taken from all available new cards.
- The gather order and sort order options have been simplified, but should offer the same
functionality as before. Please check your deck options after upgrading, as some users
may need to adjust their display order settings to match what they were using before.
- The overview screen now shows how many cards will be buried.
- Added a separate option to control burying of interday learning siblings.
- Fixed interday learning siblings not being buried during review, causing them
to reappear later after actions like an edit.
- If you have more than 2 learning steps, after the first step, Hard repeats the previous
delay, instead of being the average of the previous and next step.
- When a Hard learning step exceeds a day, it is now rounded to a full day, so the
delay does not vary depending on the time of day you answer.
- Fuzz is applied more evenly now, especially with smaller intervals.
- Fixed new cards not decrementing the review limit, which could lead to
more new cards appearing after the review limit was reached.
- Review cards and new cards are now interspersed more evenly.
- When using Custom Study to extend deck limits in the V3 scheduler, parent/child
limits of the selected deck are no longer adjusted.

Editor Changes

Most of these changes are thanks to Henrik.

- A redesigned editing area, and a redesigned tag editor.
- MathJax has a live preview.
- HTML source and rendered text can be viewed at the same time.
- The HTML editor now matches the current Anki theme.
- Images can be resized within the editor.
- Fields can now have an optional description/tooltip assigned to them (thanks
to Matthias, Henrik & Rumo).
- The "remove formatting" button now offers a choice of what to remove.
- Adjust color picker shortcut, and apply color when different color selected.
- Reduced editor button size on Windows/Linux (thanks to Matthias).
- Fixed IME input after pressing tab.
- Fixed media files not being inserted at cursor position on Windows.
- Cloze shortcut correctly positions cursor.
- Added a separate cloze button to repeat the current cloze.
- Lots of behind-the-scenes changes and fixes. Because of the extensive changes,
some add-ons that modify the editing screen will have broken (see the
developers section below)

New Features

- Anki will now switch to day or night mode automatically depending on your
system settings. You can force day or night mode in the Preferences screen.
(thanks in large part to Rumo).
- Reworked backup handling (mostly thanks to Rumo):
- Backups are created much faster than they were previously.
- Anki can now create backups periodically. The default is every 30 minutes; you can adjust this in the preferences screen.
- There are new options in the preferences to control the number of daily, weekly and
monthly backups you'd like to retain.
- The File menu now has an option to create a backup immediately.
- Because the backup storage format has changed, backups created with 2.1.50 will not be
importable into older Anki versions.
- Reworked .colpkg import/export (thanks to Rumo):
- When exporting, you can optionally target Anki 2.1.50+. When doing so,
imports and exports are faster, and media files will be compressed, but the
resulting .colpkg will not be readable by older Anki clients.
- Collections are now checked for corruption when importing.
- An option to ignore accents in searches by default has been added to
preferences screen (thanks to Abdo).
- The Card Info screen now updates automatically as you change to a different
card (thanks to Rumo).
- Added a View menu to the main window and browse window (thanks to Rumo). The
view menu provides options to zoom in and out, and to toggle a full screen
mode. Due to technical issues, the full screen mode is not currently available
on Windows when graphics acceleration is enabled.
- A new TTS tag format that allows you to combine extra text and multiple
fields, such as `[anki:tts lang=en_US]Here is {{Field1}} and {{Field2}}[/anki:tts]` (thanks to Rumo). There are no plans to deprecate the
old TTS syntax - either can be used.
- Added an option to add/remove sidebar tag to selected notes (thanks to Rumo).
- Be smarter about mapping existing text to new fields when switching notetypes in the Add screen (thanks to Abdo).
- Apkg files can now be dragged on the main window to import them (thanks to Abdo).
- Added a "Create Copy" option in the browse screen and review screen, to copy
selected note's contents into the Add window (thanks to Rumo).
- You can now search for tags by regular expression (thanks to Rumo). One use
for this is locating notes that are tagged with a `parent` tag, while not matching
ones tagged with `parent::child`: `tag:re:^parent$`.
- When switching Anki versions, an add-on update check is run on startup (thanks to Rumo).
- Make links with `target=_blank` work (thanks to Danish).
- Added "Forget Card" action to review screen (thanks to Araceli).
- Added Belarusian and Odia to available languages in the preferences.
- Added a silent option (/s) for the Windows uninstaller (thanks to Patric).
- Added tooltips to some browser columns (thanks to Rumo).

Other Improvements

- Added a "Learn" label to the learning counts in the deck list.
- Added shortcut keys for creating lists and indentation (thanks to Rumo).
- Allow longer maximum answer times in the deck settings (thanks to Bruce).
- Behind-the-scenes improvements to the deck and notetype selectors (thanks to Sam).
- Change cards/notes toggle to Ctrl/Cmd+Alt+T to avoid conflict on macOS.
- Changed the "Previous Card Info" shortcut to avoid a conflict with language input.
- Colpkg imports now always require a full sync.
- Deck creation in the custom study screen has been reworked, and now supports undo properly (thanks to Rumo).
- Don't show error when gsettings exists but does not have a GNOME theme set (thanks to Spooghetti420).
- Don't show error when Windows color scheme setting is missing (thanks to qxo).
- Fall back on regular file deletion when no recycling bin/trash folder is available on Linux.
- Filtered decks in 'order added' now sort by card template.
- Fix deck name not updating after deck/notetype renamed (thanks to Hikaru).
- Fixed "tag duplicates" possibly operating on stale data (thanks to Ren).
- Fixed a number of issues with the preview window (thanks to Hikaru).
- Fixed AltGr triggering Ctrl+Alt shortcuts on Windows (thanks to Rumo)
- Fixed an error loading the old deck options screen when using Python 3.10.
- Fixed an error that could appear when clicking on the sidebar (thanks to qxo).
- Fixed an error that could occur in the browser when switching profiles (thanks to Hikaru).
- Fixed an error when an installed TTS voice on Windows supported multiple languages (thanks to Rumo).
- Fixed an error when exporting a collection with media files in it with very old modification dates (thanks to gnnoh).
- Fixed an intermittent error when building on Windows.
- Fixed error shown when double-tapping answer buttons on the v3 scheduler.
- Fixed errors and display issues when flagging and undoing in the review screen.
- Fixed external scripts being executed out of order (thanks to Hikaru).
- Fixed field content sometimes spilling outside container (thanks to Hikaru).
- Fixed flicker in review screen when referencing external js, and preload css files (thanks to Hikaru).
- Fixed incorrect card count in timebox after undo (thanks to Abdo).
- Fixed new card position appearing as a date when cards were in preview (thanks to Abdo).
- Fixed newly-added deck not being selected in the Add screen (thanks to Hikaru).
- Fixed quotation of "and" and "or" in search (thanks to Rumo).
- Fixed some parts of the media handling code matching more HTML tags than it should have (thanks to Brayan).
- Fixed sound failing to play after exporting a collection (thanks to Rumo and Kelciour).
- Fixed the deck list showing up blank in collections with many expanded decks.
- Fixed the main window sometimes failing to load properly when Anki starts (which could lead to blank windows, a giant sync icon, etc).
- Fixed unwanted `<div>` being left behind when deleting field contents (thanks to Hikaru).
- Fixed various memory leaks (thanks to Rumo and Hikaru).
- Flip sidebar location in RTL mode (thanks to Abdo).
- Hide "open new window" action in GNOME (thanks to Fusion future & Felipe)
- Improve search highlight color in templates screen (thanks to Abdo).
- Improved display of the card info screen (thanks to Rumo).
- Improved localization of large numbers in the graphs, and various layout tweaks (thanks to Vova).
- Improved performance with large selections in the Browse screen (thanks to Rumo).
- Improvements to the Change Notetype screen (thanks to Matthias).
- Performance improvements for searching through many fields with a wildcard search (thanks to Rumo).
- Randomized card positions now start at 1, which avoids a corner case in filtered deck scheduling.
- Reduced flicker when opening browser in night mode (thanks to Rumo).
- Report correct count in timebox screen with v2 scheduler (thanks to Abdo).
- Rows with database inconsistencies in the browse screen now prompt you to use "check database" instead of saying they were deleted (thanks to Rumo).
- Some behind-the-scenes code improvements (thanks to Sam).
- Support autoplay in audio tags again (thanks to Andreas).
- Support Markdown inside HTML tags in (thanks to Abdo).
- The 'future due' graph no longer shows learning cards in a filtered deck as being due a long time ago.
- The `note:` and `card:` searches no longer do a substring match (thanks to Rumo).
- The Add Cards screen will no longer allow accidental triggering of main window shortcuts when it is open on a Mac (thanks to Rumo).
- The calendar graph uses consistent coloring as years are changed (thanks to Ryan).
- The custom study screen no longer (sometimes incorrectly) limits the amount you can extend the daily limits by.
- The top and bottom bars will no longer zoom in/out, but the main area and editors can be zoomed in and out (thanks to Rumo).
- Truncate deck names in the deck list if they are too long (thanks to Sachin).
- Tweaks to the sidebar icons (thanks to Henrik).
- Updated translations - thanks as always to all the translators.
- Use white menubar on Windows (thanks to Rumo).
- Various behind-the-scenes fixes (thanks to Arthur).
- Various improvements to right-to-left display (thanks to Abdo).
- When Anki encounters an issue with a card template, it now provides a link to a help page with more information (thanks to Rumo).
- Numerous other fixes and contributions, thanks to Rumo, Henrik, Abdo, Matthias,
Evandro, Arthur, Soren, BlueGreenMagick, Yoshi, Jakub, Gesa, blue-putty,
stopendy, TheFeelTrain and zjosua.

For Developers

- Anki now requires Python 3.9.
- Anki contains some compatibility shims that should allow many add-ons written
for PyQt5 to work with PyQt6 as well (thanks to Aristotelis). These shims will
not remain forever, so it is recommended that you update your add-ons to be
compatible with Qt6 without shims. The two main breakages are the renaming of
PyQt5 to PyQt6 (you can support both by importing from aqt.qt instead), and
the requirement that [enums are
- If you’re using Qt Designer to generate UI files, the Qt5 and Qt6 versions
need to be generated and bundled separately if you want to support both at once.
- PyQt6 does not support the Qt resource system (pyrcc was removed), so Anki now
uses a different approach, and urls like `:/icons/foo.jpg` should become
- Henrik has spent a lot of time working out how to smoothly provide an API for
the editor, and investigating how we can provide types to make targeting the API
easier. This has required a number of refactorings, and some add-ons that were
accessing the editor will have broken in this update. While the code is
not set in stone yet, hopefully we're getting there. An example of using the
latest API is available here: <>
- The way Anki is packaged has changed. Most of the standard library should be
available now. If you notice any problems importing standard libraries that
previously worked, please let us know.
- The aqt package no longer depends on PyQt, as either version 5 or 6 is supported.
You can specify the major version you want when installing - eg `pip install 'aqt[qt6]'`
- manifest.json now supports a 'homepage' argument (thanks to Abdo)
- `mw.progress.timer()` should now be passed a `parent` argument, as the
previous default of using `mw` prevents the timers from being freed after they
are no longer active. If you want a permanent timer, pass `mw` in as the parent.
- Improved Python code completion/type handling in VS Code (thanks to Rumo).


- Fixed cards not being automatically unburied when v3 scheduler enabled.
- Fixed incorrect learning count in v3 scheduler when interday learning cards
were queued (thanks to Rumo).
- Work around an AnkiDroid inconsistency causing deck config to be reset if options
edited on AnkiDroid.
- Fixed a memory leak in the Preview screen (thanks to Hikaru).
- Fixed an issue copying filenames from the Check Media screen (thanks to Abdo).
- Fixed deck changing when toggling sticky fields (thanks to Abdo).
- Fixed invalid default column in notes mode in the Browse screen (thanks to Abdo).
- The bury command ignores suspended cards now (thanks to Rumo).
- Anki no longer migrates any files from the old ~/Documents/Anki and ~/Anki folders.
- Increased number of card templates shown in card templates screen dropdown (thanks to Evando).
- Added a new example Dockerfile (thanks to Jakub).
- Handle spaces in Linux install location (thanks to lolilo).
- Work around a PyQt error on Python 3.10.
- Other minor changes.


- Add "Previous Card Info" action to review screen (thanks to Evandro).
- Fix flag names not updating on profile switch (thanks to Rumo).
- Hide "Rename with Parents" for top-level items (thanks to Rumo).
- "Add Field" action now correctly handles multi-word font names.
- Fix newline being added when coloring text (thanks to Henrik).
- Fix incorrect system font when running Anki in some non-English languages.
- Fix learning count sometimes jumping to a large number in the v3 scheduler.
- Another fix for Reposition command not working on buried/suspended cards.
- Preserve focus when changing notetype in the Add screen.
- Wayland can now be optionally enabled with an env var in the packaged builds,
but remains off by default due to a number of bugs.
- Fix an error message that could appear when deleting notes (thanks to Rumo).
- The card templates screen no longer defaults to filling empty fields when
opened from the Add screen (thanks to BlueGreenMagick).
- Miscellaneous other fixes.


Changes to the [v3 scheduler](

- Interday learning cards are included in the learning count again, instead of
the review count.
- Interday learning cards are still affected by the review limit. Interday
learning cards are fetched first, then reviews, and finally new cards.
- Filtered decks with rescheduling disabled now log reviews, so the reviews will
appear in your graphs.
- Added an option to sort reviews by ascending/descending ease.
- Fixed an issue where an error message could appear after undoing/redoing a mix
of reviews and other changes.
- Fixed custom scheduling not working.

Other changes:

- The "timebox finished" message is now shown on card answer, instead of after
revealing the next card. This should also address an issue where the message
popped up outside of review.
- Added shortcut for Forget in the Browse screen.
- Fixed an error being shown when there was no current deck.
- Fixed incorrect quoting in duplicate search (thanks to Abdo).
- Fixed deck options inverting the "replay question when showing answer" option.
- Fixed an issue with ampersands in the Add Cards history button (thanks to
- Fixed handling of audio/video tags (thanks to Hikaru).
- Fixed errors playing audio when computer was slow to respond (thanks to Kelciour).
- Fixed preferences screen not updating undo menu, and causing an error when
subsequently reviewing a card in the v3 scheduler.
- Fixed case changes being ignored in tag rename.
- Fixed error shown when DB check run on corrupt collection.
- Fixed deck options prompt showing the default deck, instead of the correct one.
- Fixed reposition command ignoring suspended cards.
- Fixed answer button highlight on Windows (thanks to Henrik).
- Fixed calendar graph day labels showing incorrectly in some timezones.
- Improved validation of add-on package names (thanks to BlueGreenMagick for the
report and initial fix).

For add-on developers:

- The Svelte components Anki exports should now work correctly in add-ons,
provided they exclude Svelte when bundling.
- WithShortcut is now also available.


- Fix duplicate text when pasting with Ctrl+Shift+V (thanks to Henrik).
- Remember last colors in editing window (thanks to Henrik).
- Show flag and mark icons in preview window (thanks to Hikaru).
- Center first match when searching in sidebar (thanks to Abdo).
- Added F9/Shift+F9 shortcuts for sticky fields, and increase opacity (thanks to
- Fixed starting ease specified in deck options not being used by v3 scheduler.
- Fixed learning cutoff not updating during review, and some learning cards
remaining at the end of review in the v3 scheduler.
- Fixed Change Notetype not mapping fields correctly when count differed.
- The congrats screen now updates periodically again.
- Fixed Redo menu item showing Undo action name.
- Fixed notetype selection in the import screen.
- Fixed error in overview/congrats screen when there is no current deck.


Undo handling:

- Most actions now support multiple undo steps. You can change a card template,
delete some notes, bury a card, then undo each of those steps if you wish.
- Actions that support multiple undo steps will now save the changes
immediately, meaning that if Anki crashes, the changes you made in the last
few minutes will no longer be lost.
- Most undoable actions can now be redone, so you can undo an accidental undo.
- Actions that don't support the new undo handling (eg, Check Database), will
clear the undo history.
- Add-ons will clear the undo history if they modify the database directly, or
use routines that don't support undoing. There are some new routines available
to add-ons to make operations undoable, but add-ons may need to be updated
to use them.

Scheduling changes:

- A new scheduler is available, with a number of improvements. Please see the
[2021 scheduler page]( for
more information.
- The deck list now shows the learning count separately.
- On new collections, the v2 scheduler is now the default.
- Set due date uses the deck's configured starting ease (thanks to cyphar).

Browser changes, mostly thanks to Rumo:

- The sidebar now has two modes. The default allows clicking on items to search
for them. The other mode allows you to select multiple items at once, so you
can drag & drop or delete multiple items.
- The browse screen can now be toggled between showing cards,
and showing notes.
- When showing notes, some columns will show an aggregate over all the
cards of a note.
- Added an introduced:x search to locate cards first studied in the last x days.
- Column rendering has been moved into the backend, and will be faster than
before (but is still limited by the speed of the graphics toolkit).
- A fair bit of the browser code has been changed, and some add-ons like the
"Advanced Browser" add-on will need to be updated to support the new approach.
- New tag icons and associated backend work (thanks to Henrik).
- Added an option in the Preferences screen to customize the starting
search text (eg, to start with "deck:current").
- More reliably scroll to the current card.
- When opening the Browse screen with an active study card, the whole
deck is now shown.
- Added 3 new flag colours.
- Flags can now be renamed in the sidebar.
- Horizontal scrolling in the browse screen is less jumpy.
- Sidebar items can be dragged onto the Saved Searches area to add them as a favourite.

Editor changes, mostly thanks to Henrik:

- A new editor toolbar implementation, with improved icons and handling.
- The editor now provides bullet and numbered list buttons.
- The editor now provides buttons to control text alignment and indent.
- Sticky fields can now be toggled on/off from the editing screen.
- A new API is available for add-ons, and the existing API should continue
to work.
- The HTML editor is now shown inline, and supports syntax highlighting,
and showing opening/closing tags.
- Warn user when they attempt to use cloze markers inappropriately
(thanks to Rumo).

State handling:

- When you make changes, the user interface should update more consistently now.
Adding a new tag to a note will update the sidebar in the Browse screen for
example, and when you review a card that is shown there, the columns will
- The Browse screen no longer refreshes a search automatically. When you make a
change, the column text may update, but the number of rows will not change.
Deleted cards show "(deleted)" until you search again.
- The main window no longer shows a "waiting for editing to finish" screen. When
you make changes such as editing a note, the main window will dim, and will
automatically refresh when you return to it.

The deck options screen has been reimplemented:

- (Re)learning steps are now shown with units, eg 10m or 4d.
- Deck options are now shown on one scrollable page.
- Extra help is available for most options.
- It is easy to see at a glance which options have been changed from the
default, and individual options can be reverted to the default setting.
- Warnings will be shown for some common issues (eg, review limit too low
compared to new cards).
- Some of the more advanced options have been moved to a separate "Advanced"
- The old options can be accessed with a Shift+click, since it will take a while
for add-ons to be updated to support the new screen. A new API is available,
thanks to Henrik.
- The deck description is now accessible via a button in the overview screen,
instead of via the deck options.

Other features:

- An updated Change Notetype implementation, that can match fields by name, and
allows you to map a source field to multiple destination fields in order to
clone a field.
- Pre-load images on answer side (thanks to Hikaru).
- The `[...]` in cloze deletions is now read as "blank" by TTS (thanks to Rumo).
- The Find&Replace option in the Browse screen can now be used on tags as well.
- Added a Card Info option to the review screen.
- When opening deck option from the study screen, you'll now be asked which deck
you want if the card is in a subdeck.
- You can now choose which add-ons you want to update (thanks to BlueGreenMagick).
- Support system SSL certs on Linux.
- Extra checks are now done when updating a card template, such as detecting when
a cloze notetype is missing a cloze directive, or two templates have identical question sides (thanks to Rumo).
- Support Ctrl+Numpad Enter to add cards.
- Added night mode styling to 'type in the answer' box, and improve legibility
of comparison.
- Sidebar search now scrolls to first match (thanks to Abdo & Rumo).
- F3/F4 in card layout screen go to next/previous template (thanks to Evandro).


- Custom study now limits the tag selection to 100 tags or fewer, to prevent errors caused by exceeding database limits.
- Fixed an issue compiling on recent Python 3.9 installs.
- Fixed audio getting stuck when pausing near end (thanks to kelciour).
- Fixed building on linux-arm64 (thanks to qubist-pixel-ux).
- Fixed Card Info screen not ignoring manual rescheduling when calculating the average time.
- Fixed crash when pressing the copy shortcut with no active selection.
- Fixed current review card sometimes changing when making edits.
- Fixed deck options tooltip appearance (thanks to Matthias).
- Fixed escaping of hyphens in searches (thanks to Rumo).
- Fixed field pin status being forgotten when opening Cards screen (thanks to Henrik).
- Fixed incorrect card count when removing multiple templates.
- Fixed incorrect font on Windows (thanks to Kelciour).
- Fixed resource leak in sound code (thanks to Kelciour).
- Fixed some instances of a flash when revealing answer on cards with images.
- Fixed text with single quote not being escaped in export (thanks to Ryan).
- Fixed various links to the manual (thanks to cherryblossom000).
- Fixed red duplicate background being included in copy+paste (thanks to Hikaru).
- Fixed flags not being excluded on export (thanks to Alex).
- Force x11 mode when the packaged build is run on a system that tells Qt to use
Wayland, as Wayland is not currently supported by the packaged build.
- Numerous behind-the-scenes improvements from Henrik and Rumo.
- Other fixes and improvements, thanks to Abdo, Glutanimate, Arthur, Shaun,
hkr and others.
- Strip invalid unicode from filenames in media check.
- Performance improvements and other miscellaneous fixes.

A big thank you to everyone who contributed, including people who contributed translations,
and those who helped test out the beta releases and provided feedback.

Add-on authors, there are [some notes]( on porting add-ons to 2.1.45 available.


- Search text is no longer automatically quoted/interspersed with ANDs.
- Fix two backslashes being treated as one in MathJax.


- The reviewing screen will now wait for up to 100ms
for images to load before showing, and waits until images
have been loaded before scrolling to the answer.
- The default fade-in on the review screen has been removed.
- Fix DB check incorrectly identifying an issue after
lapsing a card with a non-zero interval % in the V1 scheduler.
- Fix editing toolbar being initially active (thanks to Henrik).
- Fix some error messages (thanks to Rumo).
- Fix expand/collapse triggering click in sidebar (thanks to BlueGreenMagick).
- Update translations, thanks to the translators.
- Fix "Forgot Card" message.
- Fix deck list not updating after deleting.


- Fix sync downloads failing when temp folder on separate partition.
- Fix RTL fields (thanks to Abdo).
- Fix issues with field focusing and caret positioning (thanks to Henrik).
- Strip comments when pasting HTML (thanks to Abdo).
- Don't forget CSV delimeter when canceling dialog (thanks to Benjamin).
- Fix stale caches after rolling back to a checkpoint (thanks to Rumo).


Browser improvements:

- Tags now show in a tree (thanks to Abdo).
- Added a search bar to the sidebar (thanks to Abdo).
- New context menu actions to rename or remove tags and their children, rename
decks, manage notetypes, and rename/remove saved searches (thanks to Abdo
and BlueGreenMagick).
- The preview button in the browse screen has moved into the editing area (thanks to Henrik).
- With the improved sidebar, a number of options have been removed from the Filter button.
- The remaining items in the Filter button have been moved into the sidebar, and
the Filter button removed.
- Tags and decks can now be dragged and dropped in the sidebar.
- Each section can now be expanded/collapsed.
- "Due" now shows only cards due that day.
- Added "Overdue" item.
- Click on Decks to show whole collection.
- Click on Flags to show any flag.
- Click on Tags to show all non-empty tags.
- Added "Untagged" under Tags.

Editing improvements:

- `<br>` tags will now be used by default instead of the previous `<div>`
tags, which solves some issues with multiple lines in cloze deletions and
MathJax (thanks to Henrik).
- The tags field in the editor now autocompletes from anywhere in a tag name,
not only the start.
- Invalid field content can no longer spill out into the editing area (thanks to Henrik).

Search improvements:

- Searches are now rewritten into a canonical format (eg `one two` becomes
`"one" AND "two"`) (thanks to Rumo).
- Search error messages are now much more specific (thanks to Rumo).
- is:learn, is:due and prop:due now handle more cases, such as suspended cards
(thanks to Henrik).
- Added prop:pos search to search for new card position (thanks to Abdo).
- Added a shortcut to replace part of a search with a different search
(eg changing the selected deck) (thanks to Rumo).
- Support resched:x for searching for cards that were manually rescheduled
in x days (thanks to Henrik).
- Support prop:rated/resched to search for rated/rescheduled cards over
specific time periods (thanks to Henrik).
- Filtered decks can now be created from a browser search, and vice versa (thanks to Rumo).
- Filtered deck screen now has a link to show cards not matched by search (thanks to Rumo, Abdo).
- Better ergonomics for developers (thanks to Rumo).

Graph improvements:

- A number of the graphs can now be clicked on to search for the cards
displayed by the graph (thanks to Henrik).
- The starting day of week can now be altered in the Calendar graph (thanks to Henrik).
- The Card Counts graph now supports toggling separate suspended/buried counts (thanks to Henrik).
- The intervals and ease graphs now covers more cases, such as suspended cards
(thanks to Henrik).
- Place less emphasis on outliers in the Calendar graph (thanks to Henrik).
- Ignore manually scheduled cards in hour graph.

Scheduler improvements:

- The V2 scheduler no longer applies parent review limits to child decks.
Previously the limits were inconsistently applied, which could lead to the
deck list not reflecting the actual number of cards you'd receive when you
clicked on a deck. AnkiMobile and AnkiWeb have been updated to match this
behaviour, and AnkiDroid will also be updated soon. Using 2.1.41 in
conjunction with older clients will not cause any problems when syncing, but
you may find the deck list/review counts do not match.
- The V1->V2 upgrade process no longer resets cards that are in learning, or
removes cards from filtered decks.
- Users on the old scheduler will now see a message at the top of the deck
list prompting them to update to the Anki 2.1 scheduler.
- There is no option to downgrade to the V1 scheduler anymore, though you can
still do so by downgrading to an older Anki version first.

Reworked the Reschedule tool:

- Split into separate "Forget" and "Set Due Date" actions
- "Set Due Date" defaults to not adjusting the card interval.
- Changed the "Delete Tags" shortcut; Ctrl+Shift+D now changes the due date.
- Added the action to the review screen as well.
- Input now remembered.

Other changes:

- A basic sync server is now built into Anki. It does not yet support
media. Docs are in the docs/ folder of the source tree.
- The title bar on Macs will now turn dark when night mode is activated.
- Deck descriptions of the congratulations screen can be enabled by turning markdown
on in the deck options, but only 2.1.41+ will be able to render the markdown.
- Add opus to media list in editor.
- Edit/More buttons auto-hide when window is small (thanks to Henrik).
- Support Alt+number to switch between clozes in the card layout screen (thanks to Abdo).
- Use monospace font in HTML editor.
- Improve error message when trying to nest under a filtered deck (thanks to Rumo).
- Reposition dialog's "shift cards" option now defaults to off.
- Other fixes and improvements thanks to Henrik, Rumo, Abdo, Arthur, Maksim, Guillem,
stayingpeachy, Daniel, khonkhortisan and Kerrick.


- Fix the Reposition command not preserving the browser sort order.
- Fix some issues causing the sync indicator to show unnecessarily (thanks to Rumo).
- Fix slowdown after large "check media" report.
- Fix a spurious warning about a full sync when renaming card templates.
- Fix a freeze when answering a card with a missing parent deck.
- Fix Anki not working after installing on Linux over a previous install.
- Don't log card resets when exporting.
- Fix congrats screen not showing when learning cards were due soon.
- Updated bundled lame and mpv on Windows and Mac builds.

For developers:

- Add-on authors, please see
- Almost all of the Python codebase now has type hints. 🎉
- JS libraries like jQuery have been updated (thanks to Henrik).
- Add (untested) support for ARM64 Linux.
- orjson is turned back into an optional requirement (though is still
recommended, as it's faster).
- The sidebar code has been moved from from into, which
may break some add-ons.


- Fixed backup not being made when choosing "Download" when syncing.
- Fixed a slowdown after importing.


- Fix the Reposition command not preserving the browser sort order.
- Fix some issues causing the sync indicator to show unnecessarily (thanks to Rumo).
- Fix a spurious warning about a full sync when renaming card templates.
- Fix Anki not working after installing on Linux over a previous install.
- Don't log card resets when exporting.
- Fix congrats screen not showing when learning cards were due soon.
- Updated bundled lame and mpv on Windows and Mac builds.
- Other fixes and improvements, with thanks to Henrik, Rumo, Abdo, Arthur, Guillem, Meredith, Gustavo, and Daniel.


- Use a new approach for recording audio. If you encounter any issues,
the old PyAudio driver can be selected in the Preferences screen. The old
driver will likely be retired in the future, so please let us know
if the default system does not work for you.
- All built-in Windows TTS voices should now be supported on recent Windows 10
releases (thanks to Ryan).
- Fix the Reposition tool in the Browse screen not following the sort
- Reduce the default fade time in the review screen.
- The ANGLE video driver can now be selected in the Preferences on Windows.
- Fix some instances of the sync indicator remaining on after sync (thanks to Rumo).
- Work around --text-fg appearing in fields.
- Fix link in about screen (thanks to Abdo).
- Fix '1' being shown instead of the correct number in some Russian translations.
- Fixed invisible characters when adding new card templates (thanks to Henrik).
- Fixed duplicate check getting confused by non-breaking spaces (thanks to abdo).
- Don't throw error when computer hostname is invalid.
- Other minor changes (thanks to Henrik & k12sh)

For developers:

- Protobuf binaries are now used to speed up the initial build.
- Fixed Python code completion, and added some info to docs/
- ./run now runs Anki with Python warnings enabled - PRs that fix any that come
up would be welcome (thanks cecini for the first!)


- Fixed filtered decks not honoring sort order.
- Fixed review screen not automatically scrolling to answer (thanks to Henrik).
- The deck options screen now limits minimum ease to 131%.

For developers:

- Added a scripts/build command to build the redistributable wheels.
- The Rust worker is disabled by default, as some users had trouble building with it.


Notable changes:

- Alternate builds have been discontinued. If you are using a 32 bit system, or
a macOS version older than 10.13, Anki 2.1.35 is the last release you will be able
to update to.
- MathJax has been updated to version 3, thanks to Henrik. It should render faster
than before. If you were customizing the MathJax configuration using Javascript,
you will need to
[use a new method](
- A separate mpv process is now used to play videos on Windows, which should
solve issues with playing getting stuck, thanks to Kelciour.
- The handling of wildcards and escape characters in search [has been
to be more consistent, thanks to Rumo.
- Early startup messages are now translable, thanks to Abdo.
- When cards are rescheduled in the browse screen, a review entry log is now created.
- The main card area is now focused instead of the bottom area during review,
which allows using the keyboard to scroll, thanks to Henrik.


- Fixed corrupt indexes when checking database.
- Fixed duplicate search when sort field is not first field (thanks to Abdo).
- Fixed error when switching to note type with fewer fields.
- Fixed invalid utf8 in notes when checking database.
- Fixed invisible scrollbar in night mode + browser.
- Fixed issues with "find duplicates" (thanks to Abdo)
- Fixed some issues with adding/renaming decks (thanks to Cecini).
- Other minor fixes.

For developers:

- Anki is now built using Bazel. This leads to more reliable builds, and reduces
the number of dependencies you need to manually install. Please see docs/ for
updated build instructions, and report any issues you encounter on the user
- The minimum Python version has been updated to 3.8.
- The wheels available on PyPI support both Python 3.8 and 3.9.
- All translations have been migrated to [Fluent](
- Normal and night mode theming now uses CSS variables, making it easier to override in add-ons.
- The congrats screen, burying/suspending, filtered deck building/emptying, browser sidebar, and card
reposition/reset have been reworked. If you were modifying them in an add-on, your add-on
may need updating. For the congratulations screen, see the new webview_did_inject_style_into_page

Thanks to all the people who have contributed bugfixes and code/doc updates:
Abdo, Lukkea, Akshara, Kelciour, David, Henrik, Colin, Johan, Piotr, Andreas,
Arthur, Alan, RumovZ, Cecini, Soren, Krish, ianki, Cyphar and kaczmarj, in no
particular order.

Thanks also to all of the people who have contributed translations for this
and previous releases:


This is the last Anki version that supports 32 bit Windows machines, and macOS 10.12 and older. If you use either of those, please pick the -alternate version.

- Fix a bug in Anki 2.1.29+ that caused excessive memory and CPU usage
on long-running operations that show a progress bar, such as importing.
- Roll back Mac and Windows builds to Qt 5.14 again,
as there are still issues with 5.15.
- Fix display issue in graphs on alternate Mac build.
- Fix preview not updating on multiple selection (thanks to abdo).
- Fix old content appearing when flagging immediately
after typing.
- Fix some handling of `*` in searches.
- Sidebar now correctly escapes some characters (thanks to abdo).


- Fix a bug in Anki 2.1.28+ where a newly created deck config would default to
an ease of 130%. When updating, Anki will automatically change any deck
configs with an ease of 130% back to 250%, and change any cards using those
deck configs with a low ease back to an ease of 250%. Users who updated from
an older Anki version and did not add new deck configurations should not be
affected. If you have deliberately set an initial ease of 130%, please change
it to 131% or greater prior to upgrading, so that Anki leaves your settings
alone. Thanks to Aleksa for discovering the issue.
- Update the standard builds to the latest GUI toolkit version.
Please report any improvements or regressions you notice.
- Dropped audio plays automatically again (thanks to abdo).
- Revert to older sound playing behaviour to work around issues
(thanks to kelciour).
- is:due now stops at now+learn ahead limit, instead of end of day.
- Various improvements/fixes, some thanks Aleksa & Henrik.


- Access More button in review screen with 'm' (thanks to ANH).
- Audio no longer plays when dropped/pasted (thanks to ANH).
- Fix bulk tag adding not adding tags if tag is a substring of an existing tag (thanks to Soren)
- Fix cards not being unburied if leaving Anki open and the first action of a new day is a sync.
- Fix drag&drop into existing content (thanks to ANH).
- Fix error when add-ons tried to access note/template in card template screen.
- Fix next learn message in congrats screen.
- Fix nonbreaking spaces in filenames not being handled properly.
- Fix text in export file selector (thanks to ANH).
- Fix timeouts in full syncs and media syncs again.


- Roll back a change in the previous update that could cause syncs to time out.
- Fix sign up link in login screen.


- Show card counts in pie graph, and other minor graph tweaks.
- Fix sync error+lost review when undoing in v2 filtered deck with scheduling off.
- Fix crash when dragging & dropping, thanks to ANH25.
- Fix 'stale notetype' error after sync+add.
- Close "edit current" when current card deleted.
- Code improvements thanks to ANH, Arthur, Evandro, Henrik and Thomas.
- Find&Replace completion is now case sensitive.
- Fix crash when recovering notes with missing notetype.
- Fix duplicate detection when input text is not normalized.
- Fix Empty Cards not ignoring BR tags.
- Fix Find&Replace window sizing.
- Fix handling of nested legacy template directives.
- Fix issues with bulk tag removal.
- Fix mpv failing to play audio after it's restarted, thanks to Kelciour.
- Fix some (rare) crashes.
- Full syncs and media syncs now terminate more quickly when the connection breaks.
- Improve support for getting proxies from Windows registry.
- Remove embedded direction markers in RTL cloze deletions.
- Strip nul characters from tags.


- Work around a failure to start on some Windows 10 May 2020 installations.
- Fix "show windows in tabs" not working on standard macOS build.
- Fix move into/out of filtered decks not syncing.
- Add right axis to graphs.
- Add night mode and mobile class toggles in card layout screen (thanks to ANH25).
- Card counts graph now always shows table.
- Catch negative review times in DB check.
- Code improvements (thanks to Matt, phwoo, Evandro and aplaice).
- Fix a crash in the DB check when a note type was missing.
- Fix automatic logout not working when auth failure occurs.
- Fix deck list and graphs not including v2 scheduler cards with rescheduling disabled.
- Fix early reviews not appearing in review graph.
- Fix hour graph problem in timezones west of UTC.
- Fix negated conditonals being non-negated when renamed.
- Fix some syncing errors that could happen until Check Database was run.
- Fix some young cards being shown as mature in reviews graph.
- Handle multiple same-numbered clozes in cloze-only filter.
- Refresh tag list after clearing empty tags.
- Other minor fixes.


- Add cloze-only: template filter, which can be combined with TTS to speak only the elided part.
- Fixed AltGr key handling in standard Windows build.
- Fix some Windows performance problems by rolling back to an older
Qt version.
- Support the terminal command that enables dark mode on macOS again.
- Start media sync after full sync finishes.
- Fixed mpv taking time to start (thanks to Kelciour)
- Code/build improvements (thanks to Evandro, Matt & Arthur).
- Use right-to-left direction in some webviews when using RTL interface language.
- Fixed card ID and note ID being flipped in card stats.
- Don't show an error when card contains an empty URL.
- Various fixes for deck statistics.
- Fixed preview not updating when editing text in the Browse screen.
- Close gracefully on SIGTERM.
- Other minor tweaks.


2.1.28 is a big update with changes in a number of areas.

- A reworked graphs screen:

- Rewritten with new graphing tools for more interactivity.
- Graphs can now be displayed for arbitrary searches.
- Added a calendar/heatmap view.
- If you need them for add-ons, the old graphs are currently still
accessible with a shift+click on the Stats button.

- Reworked syncing:

- Normal syncs and media syncs can operate in parallel, speeding up startup and shutdown.
- Normal syncs no longer need to close open windows like the Browse screen, or close & re-open
the collection.
- Full syncs now show a progress bar.
- Full syncs can now be cancelled, and both normal and full syncs cancel more quickly.

- Card generation changes:

- Card generation now supports negated conditionals, and a mix of required
and optional fields.
- When adding/importing, if a normal note doesn't generate any cards, Anki
will now add a blank card 1 instead of refusing to add the note.
- Please bear in mind that if you take advantage of these features, older Anki
clients may report the cards are blank, or try to clean them up when you
use the Empty Cards feature.
- Cloze numbers over 499 are no longer supported.

- Card template screen:

- Changes are now accumulated, and can be saved or discarded when you close the screen.
- The front, back, and styling are no longer shown at the same time. You can switch between them with ctrl+1/2/3 or cmd+1/2/3.
- Added a search bar to search for text in the template or styling.
- Added a dropdown to change the previewed cloze number.
- Added a checkbox to toggle the filling of empty fields for preview.
- You can now delete a card template even if some notes are only using that
template - they will be given a blank card 1 instead.

- Scheduling:

- The deck list no longer caps counts to 1000.
- The overview and study screen no longer cap counts to 1000.
- The deck list will no longer show a parent count higher than the limit
set on the parent.

- Empty cards screen:

- Notes will not be deleted by default.
- Empty cards are grouped by note type.
- Empty cards can be clicked on to reveal them in the browse screen.

- Database check:

- Notes with the wrong field count are now recovered instead of being deleted.
- Notes with missing note types are now recovered instead of being deleted.
- Notes with missing cards are now recovered instead of being deleted.

- Unicode normalization:

If you are studying rare CJK characters and wish to prevent them from being converted into
modern equivalents, the following in the debug console will stop Anki from normalizing note text.

mw.col.conf["normalize_note_text"] = False

- The standard Windows build has troubles with the AltGr key. This is fixed
in the 2.1.29 beta, or [a workaround is available](

- The standard Mac build currently does not support native dark mode. If you
previously enabled it from the terminal, please either try the 2.1.29 beta, or
undo the change with the following terminal command:

defaults write net.ankiweb.dtop NSRequiresAquaSystemAppearance -bool yes

Other changes:

- Performance improvements to a number of screens.
- Fields screen now accumulates changes, which can be saved or discarded when you close the screen.
- Updated a few screens to show progress bars instead of hanging the UI.
- The standard builds now use Qt 5.15.
- Audio player on Windows has been switched back to mpv. Please report any
issues you have playing audio files/videos.
- Fixed is:review not including relearning cards.
- Scroll media log to bottom at start (thanks to Kelciour)
- Update local media server (thanks to Evandro).
- Use Qt colour picker on Linux (thanks to Andreas).
- Add edited:x search for matching notes edited in last x days.
- Improvements to mpv handling (thanks to Kelciour).
- Windows build fix (thanks to Evandro).
- Clearer error message on failed regex search.
- Find & Replace remembers input (thanks to Evandro).
- Code improvements (thanks to BlueGreenMagick, Thomas and Andrew).
- Fixed '&' being changed in image filenames in HTML editor.
- Fixed exports getting broken by Windows carriage returns in note fields.
- Fixed deck deletion, and allow "deleting" the default deck (it comes back empty).
- Card layout screen divider can now be adjusted (thanks to Evandro).
- Fixed duplicate rendering in card layout screen (thanks to Evandro).
- Fixed off-by-one in field drag&drop (thanks to BlueGreenMagick)
- Various other fixes, including contributions from BlueGreenMagick, Arthur, neitrinoweb
and kenden.

2.1.27 was reserved for a bugfix update that did not eventuate.


- Fixed saving of searches in the browse screen.
- Fixed card layout screen failing to open in the alternate Anki build.
- Fixed .log files appearing when exporting.
- Fixed an error appearing when undoing V2 filtered decks with scheduling disabled.
- Fixed duplicate search when text contains formatting.
- Improvements to the PyPI packages (thanks to Evandro).
- Tweak the handling of changed note types in the add screen (thanks to Arthur).
- Tolerate decks with missing modification time from third party software.
- Support SOCKS proxies in the non-media sync.


(build tag on PyPi: 6046bbc7)

- Fix a change to deck configurations that was breaking AnkiDroid.
- Fix deck configurations not deleting.
- Fix angle brackets inside cloze+MathJax not working properly.
- The DB check fixes an AnkiMobile bug where tags were not searchable.
- Revert to an earlier macOS toolchain to work around recordings not working.
- The media check no longer fails when files with very long filenames are in the folder.
- More gracefully handle case where deck conf is missing.
- Don't throw an error when cards have an invalid due number.
- {{type::Field}} now marks the card as non-empty if Field is non-empty.
- Tweak tab width in card layout screen (thanks to BlueGreenMagick).
- Build fixes (thanks to Evandro).



- You can use `w:something` to search on word boundaries, eg:
- `w:dog`
search for "dog" on a word boundary - will match "dog", but not "doggy"
or "underdog".
- `w:dog*`
will match "dog" and "doggy", but not "underdog".
- `w:*dog`
will match "dog" and "underdog", but not "doggy".
- You can now use `re:something` to search via regular expression, eg:
- `"re:(some|another).*thing"`
find notes that have "some" or "another" on them, followed by 0 or more characters, and then "thing"
- `re:\d{3}`
find notes that have 3 digits in a row
- When searching by regex, unicode case folding is used, so searching for `re:über` will
show a card that has "Über" on it.
- `nc:something` (short for "no combining (characters)") can be used to search while
ignoring accents, eg `nc:uber` will match both "über" and "Über". This behaves the same way as the "Ignore Accents" add-on, but is about 16x faster.
- You can now sort on the deck, card template, note type and tags columns.
- You can now use wildcards when limiting the search to a field, eg `field*:something`.
- You can now use wildcards when searching for a card template or note type by name.
- `rated:x` searches are now capped to a year instead of a month.
- You can now escaped double-quotes in a search - eg `"foo\"bar"`
- Single-quote searches are no longer supported.
- Because the searching code has been rewritten, add-ons that modify the search
code will need to be updated to support 2.1.24. It is no longer possible to
override the Finder class - add-ons will need to use the new hooks in the
browser screen to either rewrite the search text, or perform their own lookups
instead. The Advanced Browser add-on has already been updated, and can be used
as an example of how to accomplish things in 2.1.24.
- Non-wildcard searches now do full unicode case folding (eg 'tag:masse' matches 'Maße').
- Wildcard searches do simple unicode case folding.
- The tag list in the Browse screen now uses unicode case folding.

macOS dark mode handling:

- Anki now solely relies on the night mode setting in the preferences to decide
whether to show in light or dark mode. Some users wanted to run Anki in light
mode while keeping the rest of their system dark, and there were various
display problems when dark mode was changed after Anki started that couldn't
be easily worked around.
- Users who only use dark mode, and preferred the native look of widgets in dark
mode, can achieve the previous appearance by running the following command in
the terminal:

:warning: This will only work if your system is permanently in dark mode!
If you switch between dark and light mode, the interface will render incorrectly.

defaults write net.ankiweb.dtop NSRequiresAquaSystemAppearance -bool no

And the following in the debug console:["dark_mode_widgets"] = True

Database changes (mainly of interest to add-on developers):

- Anki now uses Rust's sqlite libraries instead of Python's.
- The 'db' object on the collection retains most of the same API as before, minimizing the amount of immediate code changes that are required.
- Custom sql functions are no longer supported, and named DB arguments (eg "where id = :id") are deprecated.
- The old database code remains in, and add-ons can continue to use it for accessing
their own databases.
- The database is now behind a mutex, and can be safely accessed from a background thread.
- Various screens like the database check have been updated to run on a background thread,
so they no longer lock up the UI while they're running.
- The database progress handler has been removed. Anki previous had sqlite call back into
Python periodically during long-running DB operations so it could drain the UI queue,
but this would vary in choppyness depending on the type of DB operation being performed,
and it was the cause of some crashes in the past. Add-ons that perform long-running operations
should instead use mw.taskman.run_in_background() or their own threading solution moving forward.

Other changes:

- A tweak which should fix some broken add-ons from preventing the collection from being loaded.
- Add socks support to media sync.
- Allow dragging fields to change their position (thanks to BlueGreenMagick).
- Allow selecting add-on config help text (thanks to ijgnd).
- Allow the type answer arrow to be styled (thanks to Evandro).
- Anki will now wait for a media sync to complete or be aborted before closing the collection.
- Build improvements (thanks to Evandro).
- Changed the way cloze deletions in RTL fields are handled, which should address some corner cases.
- Clean up the previewing code (thanks to Arthur). Add-ons that modify the preview screen will need updating.
- Don't force a full sync when DB check finds cards with a high due number.
- Don't show a popup when a network error occurs while syncing media.
- Fixed a case where decks could be sorted incorrectly (thanks to Arthur).
- Fixed a useless log file being created when exporting.
- Fixed add-ons with multiple branches not updating properly.
- Fixed an error that could occur when performing an operation in the browse screen then immediately closing it.
- Fixed Anki closing after a full sync on collection load.
- Fixed current card sometimes not being centered when searching.
- Fixed deck_browser_did_render hook.
- Fixed editor buttons not being highlighted (thanks to Simone).
- Fixed interface getting stuck when a corrupt collection was encountered.
- Fixed media sync waiting forever when connection dropped.
- Fixed progress dialogs failing to appear in a timely manner.
- Fixed tag searches in custom study (thanks to zjosua).
- Fixed the collection_did_load add-on hook.
- Fixed the wrong language shown in the preferences screen for some languages.
- GitHub now checks Windows and Mac builds as well (thanks to Evandro).
- Handle renamed cloze fields when previewing (thanks to BlueGreenMagick).
- Ignore .DS_Store files in the media trash folder.
- Improved invalid HTML/JS error messages (thanks to Evandro).
- Improved the handling of deck deletions (thanks to Arthur).
- Improvements to debug console (thanks to BlueGreenMagick).
- Left-align tags in the browser.
- Media syncs no longer take time to abort.
- More hooks (thanks to Arthur).
- Moved the scheduling options in the preferences to a separate tab, so options fit on the screen even on devices with small screens.
- Prepare for uploading releases to PyPI (thanks to Evandro).
- The media check will now fix file references in fields that broke because a filename was shortened as part of a sync.
- Updated config handling. While there should be no immediate breakages, if you're an add-on author and
store lists or dicts in Anki's config, please see 676f4e74a.


A macOS-only build that fixes a problem syncing media files
with non-Latin filenames added by previous Anki versions on macOS.

Please see 2.1.22 below for the bulk of the changes.